Why don't NASA set up the Space Station on the Moon instead of letting it hover around the space?Cianne50 - 6 Answers
The international space station is placed in a Geostationary orbit - about 35000 miles away form the earth. In this kind of orbit, the satellite appears to be at rest relative to the earth's motion.
If the satellite is placed on the moon, it will not appear stationary with respect to the earth.
From the geostationary orbit, the international space station is able to view all points on the earth's surface at all times. On the other hand, if the satellite is placed on the moon, we will only get data according to the position of the moon.
The moon's face can be towards or away from the earth, so the satellite will not be able to send data at all times.
The temperature of the moon's surface changes drastically with day and night (on moon). Thus, the satellite will not be able to withstand the continuous change of temperature.
When the moon is facing towards the earth, the satellite will not be able to view the outer space. When the moon is facing away from the earth, the satellite will not be able to view the earth.
To send astronauts to the international space station is easier than to the moon, as the moon is at a very large distance from the earth when compared to it.
There's several reasons I can think of of why the space station is in orbit. They still conduct experiments in a 0 G environment which is not possible on the moon. The travel time to and from the moon takes much longer than traveling the short distance up into orbit and little fuel is required for the return trip. Returning from the moon would require carrying the extra amount of fuel required, especially if carrying a significant amount of weight.
The space station isn't in geosynchronous orbit. It flies overhead every few days and you can find the most recent tracking here:
Here's an page that will let you find out when the ISS will be visible from your location:
In many ways a moon base would be a better place to work. A well built moon base would be a permanent structure that could be extended ad infinitum. It would be a proper building with a feeling of 'up' and 'down' caused by the presence of the ground and the moon's (albeit weaker) gravity. Rocks and other minerals on the surface of the moon could be incorporated into the build for a more natural look. We could have a shirt sleeve living/working environment and eventually even keep animals and grow plants in the pressurized habitation units. The reason a simple moon base has not been started is cost. A space station in Earth orbit is many times less expensive to set up. One day, the cost to the whole of mankind of not setting up bases on other planetary bodies will outweigh the cost of doing so. Mankind's only chance of long term survival is as a multi-planet species....
NASA has plans on creating a base on the moon. However right now the economic situation is looking bleak. Which is bad, when science starts to falter so does society. The republicans keep hindering our space program. I think in 20 years or so we will finally start the moon base. If not we are going to revert back to the stone-age. Because a war is a coming....
The purpose of the space station itself tells you why it's not on the moon. It's for conducting experiments on space exploration, not experiments for moon colonization....
Loved your answer buddy
looking forward to see what others think about it.